- Demolition works (remove unnecessary bitumen from all steps)
- Levelling (to make all step equal and straight)
- Tiling and grouting.
Victorian Floor Tiling Before:
Victorian Floor Tiling After:
How to lay Victorian floor tiles ? Please, have a look Step-By-Step Installation Guide:
The following step-by-step guide is designed to explain the particular requirements of Victorian geometric tiles. It is not a comprehensive manual for floor tile laying.
CAUTION: because Original Style tiles are made of natural clay, some shade variation may occur between one tile and another of the same colour. It is therefore important to ensure that such shade differences are evenly distributed before installing the tiles.
|Check that the floor is level and that it has a dust and grease free surface (wooden floors should be made as stable as possible with sheets of 18 mm exterior-grade plywood screwed down at 300 mm/12-inch centres)|
|Accurately measure the floor, including the dimensions of irregular features, such as doorways.|
|Determine the exact centre of the floor and draw central grid lines in both directions with a chalk line.|
|Without adhesive, lay a row of tiles along each grid line (width and length), leaving 2mm between each tile and wider movement joints where necessary. Adjust the tiles until you have achieved the symmetrical layout that you want.|
|Use a serrated-edge trowel to lay an even, solid bed of adhesive (3-6mm thick). Use the adhesive recommended by a reputable adhesive manufacturer for your particular conditions.Do not lay tiles directly into a bed of wet sand and cement, as this may give rise to efflorescence on the surface of the tiles.|
|If the pattern allows, lay the larger tiles first with 2mm spacers between them. In patterns such as Pomeroy, Oxford and Dorchester, which use tiles of the same shape and size in different colours, there may be a size variation which will have to be allowed for with extra spacing. This variation is an inevitable result of the clay firing process and is within the tolerance permitted by British Standard 6431.|
|Place the smaller tiles in position, leaving even spaces between them and the larger tiles.|
|Lay the border tiles. The most professional result can usually be achieved by starting at the corners and working towards the centre. In borders with small tiles, cutting can usually be avoided altogether by slight adjustments to the spacing.With larger border designs, make your cut at the centre point of each length of border (i e half-way between 2 corners) for a neat, symmetrical finish.|
|Where borders follow irregular perimeters with several inside and outside corners, mitring, as shown in this photograph, may be inevitable. Original Style tiles are hard, but can be neatly cut with a heavy-duty, professional “score and break” tile cutter.|
|Apply an unstained grey cement-based grout (with a flexible admix on wooden floors). Do not use coloured grouts, as these may stain the tiles.|